Country Listing: Brazil
Name: Dominique Gallois
Subject: Anthropological Work Threatened
Alert Date: 26 January 1998
Case Number: BR9802.GAL
Human Rights Issues
Dr. Dominique Gallois, a professor of anthropology at the University of Sao Paulo working in the Brazilian state of Amapa, is the subject of a governmental campaign to halt her professional activities on behalf of the Waiapi tribe. The government's tactics include death threats and lawsuits filed against Dr. Gallois and the Center for Indigenous Work (CTI), where Dr. Gallois directs Waiapi projects.
Dr. Gallois is accused of defamation of character, illegal gold mining activities (for her own profit) on indigenous land, unlawful use of the image of the Indians, and "manipulation of indigenous leaders." The details of two investigations have been kept secret from Dr. Gallois.
(Sources of information on this case include, Mineral Extraction by and for Indigenous Amazonian Communities: Gold Mining by the Waiapi and Kayapo, paper presented by Terence Turner, University of Chicago, at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC, November 19, 1997; and the Commission on Human Rights of the American Anthropological Association.)
As a State Party, Brazil is legally obligated to uphold the rights and freedoms listed in the American Convention on Human Rights (ratified by Brazil on 24 March 1981); and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ratified by Brazil on 24 January 1992).
Relevant International Treaty Articles
The legal actions and threats against Dr. Gallois, the Waiapi, and the CTI constitute clear violations of international and regional human rights instruments. They include:
Under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights:
Under the American Convention on Human Rights: